In a nonpayment case, you are suing the tenant for rent that you claim was not paid. You are asking the court to order the tenant to pay, or if the tenant doesn’t pay, allow you to evict the tenant from the apartment. In a holdover case, you are asking the court to allow you to remove the tenant or occupant from the apartment for some reason other than nonpayment of rent. You can use this type of eviction case against a tenant whose lease has expired, or against a tenant without a lease who rents on a month to month basis. You can also use a holdover case against a tenant who has a lease but is violating the terms of the lease, or who is creating a nuisance or who is conducting illegal activity in the apartment or building. You can use the holdover proceeding to evict a roommate, or a squatter (someone without permission to be in the building or apartment), or a licensee (someone who had permission to stay by the owner or another tenant, but who had no lease or from whom you never accepted rent).